A major new prize aimed to discover the best new buildings from around the globe is being unveiled today (8 December) by the RIBA, and proudly partnered with Wallpaper*. The 2016 RIBA International Prize will honour a building which exemplifies design excellence and architectural ambition, and delivers meaningful social impact.On the prestigious judging panel, chaired by Richard Rogers, is Nigerian-born Kunle Adeyemi, an inspiring young architect, whose firm NLÉ is based in Amsterdam.
Makoko, a slum community that straddles Herbert Macaulay, Yaba, and the Lagos Lagoon, will get a much desired reprieve through a regeneration initiative supported by the UNDP. The transformation programme begins with a floating school but the building design could replace their homes, writes Bennett Oghifo
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- MCS, as agent for the promoters of the development project, was to construct the new theatre (and the parking area) as secondary infrastructure works in the Bicocca area and on the land provided for that purpose, given free of charge by the promoters to the municipality of Milan. Construction of the theatre was in partial payment of the infrastructure contribution payable under national and regional legislation. The commitment undertaken was limited to the construction of the outer shell of the building. According to MCS, the municipality of Milan was responsible for completing the interior of the building and was obliged to organise a public tendering procedure for that purpose, and
38. In the present case, it cannot be accepted that a dispute relating to the method of appointing an economic operator responsible for the construction of a theatre bears no relation to Community law on public works contracts since the project was undertaken at the request of a municipality and the building works in question are considered as community facilities under national legislation.
51. Consequently, it must be concluded that the national court is asking, in essence, whether the Directive precludes national legislation which provides that, when implementation of a development plan requires construction works in order to provide community facilities, the holder of the building permit is to be responsible for carrying out those works, at his expense, in return for exemption from payment of the amount due to the municipality in respect of the building permit, unless the municipality decides to collect the contribution instead of opting for direct execution of the works, without requiring any tendering procedure for the award of public works contracts provided for by the same directive.
64. It has been noted that the construction of the theatre is regarded as constituting public works or, at least, that the building is a work within the meaning of the Directive. The fact that the agreement is in writing is not contested. Finally, a municipality is a contracting authority as defined in Article 1(b) of the Directive since regional authorities are treated as such.
67. A contract between the parties was indeed signed, but its content is limited to the arrangements for implementation of the project, such as the allocation of work as between the MCS, for the construction of the outer shell of the building, and the City of Milan, for the internal work, or the date of completion of the building.
Article 1(a) of Council Directive 93/37/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning the coordination of procedures for the award of public works contracts does not preclude national legislation which provides that, when the implementation of a development plan calls for construction works to provide community facilities, it is incumbent on the holder of the building permit to carry out those works, at his expense, in return for exemption from the requirement to pay the contribution due to the municipality in respect of the building permit, unless the municipality decides to collect the infrastructure contribution in lieu of direct execution of the works, without requiring observance of the procedures for the award of public works contracts provided for by that directive.
The initial project was for the construction at the Cais dos Soldados (Soldiers Wharf). Meanwhile, in December 1852, the engineer Thomaz Rumball proposed two alternatives, alongside the Museu Militar de Lisboa (Military Museum of Lisbon), or in the proximity of the Largo do Intendente. Another engineer, Harcourt White, also rejected the option of Cais dos Soldades on January 1853, because the location was too small to construct a station. He suggested that the station be situated along the river, after the Church of Anjos in Xabregas, where at the time there was free space. An executive committee was nominated to plan the construction of the Lisbon station, proposing the construction of a building along Rocha do Conde de Óbidos, with the capacity to receive passengers and commerce, with one of the lines continuing to area around the customs house in Terreiro do Paço. The construction project to Spain, therefore, began this year, under orders of Fontes Pereira de Melo,
At the inauguration of the first link of the Caminho de Ferro do Leste (Eastern line), between Carregado and Lisboa, on 28 September 1856, the construction of the station had not already begun. In the meantime, the terminal was installed in the provisionary building along the Palácio de Coimbra (Palace of Coimbra). 1e1e36bf2d